Thyroid in urdu meaning

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Thyroid in urdu meaning

The thyroidor thyroid glandis an endocrine gland in the neck consisting of two connected lobes. The lower two thirds of the lobes are connected by a thin band of tissue called the thyroid isthmus. The thyroid is located at the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple. Microscopically, the functional unit of the thyroid gland is the spherical thyroid folliclelined with follicular cells thyrocytesand occasional parafollicular cells that surround a lumen containing colloid.

The thyroid gland secretes three hormones: the two thyroid hormones — triiodothyronine T 3 and thyroxine T 4 — and a peptide hormonecalcitonin. The thyroid hormones influence the metabolic rate and protein synthesisand in children, growth and development.

Calcitonin plays a role in calcium homeostasis. The thyroid gland develops in the floor of the pharynx at the base of the tongue at 3—4 weeks gestation; it then descends in front of the pharyngeal gut, and ultimately over the next few weeks, it migrates to the base of the neck.

thyroid in urdu meaning

During migration, the thyroid remains connected to the tongue by a narrow canal, the thyroglossal duct. At the end of the fifth week the thyroglossal duct degenerates, and over the following two weeks the detached thyroid migrates to its final position.

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Thyroid disorders include hyperthyroidismhypothyroidismthyroid inflammation thyroiditisthyroid enlargement goitrethyroid nodulesand thyroid cancer. Hyperthyroidism is characterized by excessive secretion of thyroid hormones: the most common cause is the autoimmune disorder Graves' disease.

Hypothyroidism is characterized by a deficient secretion of thyroid hormones: the most common cause is iodine deficiency. In iodine-deficient regions, hypothyroidism secondary to iodine deficiency is the leading cause of preventable intellectual disability in children. The presence of the thyroid and its various diseases have been noted and treated for centuries, although the gland itself has only been described and named since the Renaissance.

Many modern treatments and investigative modalities evolved throughout the mid-twentieth century, including refinement of surgical techniques for thyroid removal thyroidectomy for the treatment of goitre ; the use of radioactive iodine and thiouracil for the treatment of Graves' disease; and fine needle aspiration for diagnosis of thyroid nodules.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ composed of two lobes, left and right, connected by a narrow tissue band, called an "isthmus".

thyroid in urdu meaning

The thyroid is near the front of the neck, lying against and around the front of the larynx and trachea. The isthmus extends from the second to third rings of the tracheawith the uppermost part of the lobes extending to the thyroid cartilage and the lowermost around the fourth to sixth tracheal rings.

The trachea, larynx, lower pharynx and esophagus all lie behind the thyroid. The thyroid gland is covered by a thin fibrous capsule, [5] which has an inner and an outer layer. The inner layer extrudes into the gland and forms the septae that divides the thyroid tissue into microscopic lobules.

The thyroid is supplied with arterial blood from the superior thyroid arterya branch of the external carotid arteryand the inferior thyroid arterya branch of the thyrocervical trunkand sometimes by an anatomical variant the thyroid ima artery[5] which has a variable origin. The inferior thyroid veins originate in a network of veins and drain into the left and right brachiocephalic veins.

Lymphatic drainage frequently passes the prelaryngeal lymph nodes located just above the isthmusand the pretracheal and paratracheal lymph nodes. There are many variants in the size and shape of the thyroid gland, and in the position of the embedded parathyroid glands.

Sometimes there is a third lobe present called the pyramidal lobe. Other variants include a levator muscle of thyroid glandconnecting the isthmus to the body of the hyoid bone[6] and the presence of the small thyroid ima artery. At the microscopic levelthere are three primary features of the thyroid—follicles, follicular cellsand parafollicular cellsfirst discovered by Geoffery Websterson in Thyroid follicles are small spherical groupings of cells 0.

The core of a follicle is surrounded by a single layer of follicular cells.Related : Glandular Disorder. Hypertonia : of muscular tissue the state of being hypertonic. Hyperopia : abnormal condition in which vision for distant objects is better than for near objects.

It helps you understand the word Hyperthyroidism with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Hyperthyroidism better than this page. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Hyperthyroidism but also gives extensive definition in English language.

The definition of Hyperthyroidism is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it. You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Hyperthyroidism. All of this may seem less if you are unable to learn exact pronunciation of Hyperthyroidism, so we have embedded mp3 recording of native Englishman, simply click on speaker icon and listen how English speaking people pronounce Hyperthyroidism.

We hope this page has helped you understand Hyperthyroidism in detail, if you find any mistake on this page, please keep in mind that no human being can be perfect. Wordinn Urdu. Hypertrophic Ro Galar Ka Marz. Hyperthyroidism Detail Quiz.Widespread enlargement of your thyroid can expand the gland well beyond its normal size and cause a noticeable bulge in your neck.

A goiter GOI-tur is an abnormal enlargement of your thyroid gland.

Thyroid disease

Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck just below your Adam's apple. Although goiters are usually painless, a large goiter can cause a cough and make it difficult for you to swallow or breathe.

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The most common cause of goiters worldwide is a lack of iodine in the diet. In the United States, where the use of iodized salt is common, a goiter is more often due to the over- or underproduction of thyroid hormones or to nodules in the gland itself. Treatment depends on the size of the goiter, your symptoms and the cause.

Small goiters that aren't noticeable and don't cause problems usually don't need treatment. The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus are located within the brain and control hormone production. Your thyroid gland produces two main hormones — thyroxine T-4 and triiodothyronine T These hormones circulate in your bloodstream and help regulate your metabolism.

They maintain the rate at which your body uses fats and carbohydrates, help control your body temperature, influence your heart rate, and help regulate the production of proteins.

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Meaning in Urdu

Your thyroid gland also produces calcitonin — a hormone that helps regulate the amount of calcium in your blood. Your pituitary gland and hypothalamus control the rate at which T-4 and T-3 are produced and released. The hypothalamus — an area at the base of your brain that acts as a thermostat for your whole system — signals your pituitary gland to make a hormone known as thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH.

Your pituitary gland — also located at the base of your brain — releases a certain amount of TSHdepending on how much thyroxine and T-3 are in your blood. Your thyroid gland, in turn, regulates its production of hormones based on the amount of TSH it receives from the pituitary gland.

Having a goiter doesn't necessarily mean that your thyroid gland isn't working normally. Even when it's enlarged, your thyroid may produce normal amounts of hormones.

It might also, however, produce too much or too little thyroxine and T Enlargement of your thyroid can expand the gland well beyond its normal size and cause a noticeable bulge in your neck. This can be caused by single or multiple nodules lumps in your thyroid, or by an autoimmune process. Iodine deficiency.

What does “Euthyroid” Mean? Definition, Symptoms & More

Iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones, and is found primarily in seawater and in the soil in coastal areas. In the developing world, people who live inland or at high elevations are often iodine deficient and can develop goiters when the thyroid enlarges in an effort to obtain more iodine. Iodine deficiency may be made worse by a diet high in hormone-inhibiting foods, such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower.

In countries where iodine is routinely added to table salt and other foods, a lack of dietary iodine isn't usually the cause of goiters. Hashimoto's disease. A goiter can also result from an underactive thyroid hypothyroidism. Like Graves' disease, Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disorder. But instead of causing your thyroid to produce too much hormone, Hashimoto's damages your thyroid so that it produces too little.

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Sensing a low hormone level, your pituitary gland produces more TSH to stimulate the thyroid, which then causes the gland to enlarge.Related : Internal Secretion.

Thyroidal : of or relating to the thyroid gland. Thwart : hinder or prevent the efforts, plans, or desires of. It helps you understand the word Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone better than this page. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone but also gives extensive definition in English language. The definition of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it.

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You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone. All of this may seem less if you are unable to learn exact pronunciation of Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone, so we have embedded mp3 recording of native Englishman, simply click on speaker icon and listen how English speaking people pronounce Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone.

We hope this page has helped you understand Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in detail, if you find any mistake on this page, please keep in mind that no human being can be perfect. Wordinn Urdu. Thyrotrophin Thyrotropic Hor Thyrotropin Ti Tiara Tibet. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Meaning in Urdu.

Symptoms And Causes Of Thyroid Diseases -- Thyroid Gland Function -- In Urdu/Hindi

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Detail Quiz.Thyroid disease is a medical condition that affects the function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located at the front of the neck and produces thyroid hormones [1] that travel through the blood to help regulate many other organs, meaning that it is an endocrine organ. These hormones normally act in the body to regulate energy use, infant development, and childhood development.

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There are five general types of thyroid disease, each with their own symptoms. A person may have one or several different types at the same time. The five groups are:. In some types, such as subacute thyroiditis or postpartum thyroiditis, symptoms may go away after a few months and laboratory tests may return to normal. Common hypothyroid symptoms include fatigue, low energy, weight gain, inability to tolerate the cold, slow heart rate, dry skin and constipation.

Diagnosis starts with a history and physical examination. Screening for thyroid disease in patients without symptoms is a debated topic although commonly practiced in the United States. Initial blood tests often include thyroid-stimulating hormone TSH and free thyroxine T4.

Procedures such as ultrasound, biopsy and a radioiodine scanning and uptake study may also be used to help with the diagnosis, particularly if a nodule is suspected. Treatment of thyroid disease varies based on the disorder. Levothyroxine is the mainstay of treatment for people with hypothyroidism, [9] while people with hyperthyroidism caused by Graves' disease can be managed with iodine therapy, antithyroid medication, or surgical removal of the thyroid gland. Symptoms of the condition vary with type: hypo- vs.

Possible symptoms of hypothyroidism are: [11] [12]. Possible symptoms of hyperthyroidism are: [13]. The main categories are:. Hyperthyroidism is a state in which the body is producing too much thyroid hormone. The main hyperthyroid conditions are:. Certain medications can have the unintended side effect of affecting thyroid function.

While some medications can lead to significant hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism and those at risk will need to be carefully monitored, some medications may affect thyroid hormone lab tests without causing any symptoms or clinical changes, and may not require treatment.

Most thyroid disease in the United States stems from a condition where the body's immune system attacks itself. In other instances, thyroid disease comes from the body trying to adapt to environmental conditions like iodine deficiency or to new physiologic conditions like pregnancy. Autoimmune thyroid disease is a general category of disease that occurs due to the immune system targeting its own body.

It is not fully understood why this occurs, but it is thought to be partially genetic as these diseases tend to run in families. Goiter is the general enlargement of the thyroid that can be associated with many thyroid diseases.

The main reason this happens is because of increased signaling to the thyroid by way of TSH receptors to try to make it produce more thyroid hormone. In hyperthyroidism caused by Grave's Disease or toxic multinodular goiter, there is excess stimulation of the TSH receptor even when thyroid hormone levels are normal. There are many changes to the body during pregnancy. One of the major changes to help with the development of the fetus is the production of human chorionic gonadotropin hCG.

This hormone, produced by the placenta, has similar structure to TSH and can bind to the maternal TSH receptor to produce thyroid hormone. Diagnosis of thyroid disease depends on symptoms and whether or not a thyroid nodule is present.

thyroid in urdu meaning

Most patients will receive a blood test. Others might need an ultrasound, biopsy or a radioiodine scanning and uptake study.Related : Internal Secretion. Tyranny of the TSH. The control of TSH levels in thyrotrophs of the chicken pars distalis. Tsunami : a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption.

Tryst : a secret rendezvous especially between lovers. It helps you understand the word Tsh with comprehensive detail, no other web page in our knowledge can explain Tsh better than this page. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Tsh but also gives extensive definition in English language. The definition of Tsh is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it.

You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Tsh. All of this may seem less if you are unable to learn exact pronunciation of Tsh, so we have embedded mp3 recording of native Englishman, simply click on speaker icon and listen how English speaking people pronounce Tsh. We hope this page has helped you understand Tsh in detail, if you find any mistake on this page, please keep in mind that no human being can be perfect.

Wordinn Urdu. Tsh Detail Quiz.If you aren't in a euthyroid state then you may suffer from the symptoms of hypothyroidism such as weight gain, fatigue, hair loss, dry skin and more. This article will teach you everything you need to know about this term including how to determine if you really have normal thyroid function, the symptoms associated with thyroid problems and how to test for thyroid issues Euthyroid is a word you probably are not familiar with but it's an incredibly important term if you have any sort of thyroid disease.

Let's use a simple case of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis as an example to illustrate this point.

Tsh Meaning in Urdu

Let's say that you have recently been diagnosed with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and as part of this disease you are experiencing fatigue, weight gain, depression and menstrual problems. What you may not realize is that these symptoms are caused by a condition known as hypothyroidism which means you don't have enough thyroid hormone in your body. The treatment is to take thyroid medication to bring your thyroid hormone levels back up to a normal level and to the point that these symptoms fade.

In simple terms, you are going from a hypothyroid state to a euthyroid state with the help of medication and probably some other therapies such as diet, supplements and so on. This may sound simple, but the problem comes when we try to define what "euthyroid" means based on lab tests.

The standard approach is to identify a state of "euthyroidism" or "normal thyroid function" based on one simple lab test. Thyroid stimulating hormone or the TSH for short. It turns out that the TSH falls short as an accurate measurement of thyroid function but we'll talk more about that in a minute. I've found that these 10 foods cause the most problems for thyroid patients.

Learn which foods you should absolutely be avoiding if you have thyroid disease of any type. Calculating these ratios is important because it can help you determine if your efforts are on the right track and whether or not your medications are working.

Download more free resources on this page. Typically, thyroid function is never really an issue or something that you give a second thought to unless you have a problem with it. The good news is that thyroid function can be easily assessed through certain lab tests.

Conventional Doctors will answer YES, but newer studies have shown that it may not be quite that simple.

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One of the main problems with TSH testing is that it ignores free thyroid hormones in your body. And this is important because free thyroid hormones do all of the heavy lifting when it comes to thyroid function. And things get further complicated when you realize that your TSH can be normal when your free thyroid hormones are low 1. TSH also suffers as an indicator of thyroid function because it doesn't take into account the following:.

When you look at all of these factors closely it's easy to see why the TSH may not be the best test for every single person.

Because the addition of thyroid medication influences standard thyroid measurements and not always in predictable ways. We know that if you take thyroid medication such as Levothyroxine this will alter the normal regulatory systems in your body.

Your body will react by reducing your TSH due to negative feedback loops and also by increasing your serum free T4. They believe that if they provide your body with enough thyroid medication to sufficiently lower your TSH to a pre-defined "normal" range that you are now considered to be "euthyroid" or "normal".

We know that if we give certain people thyroid medication, even enough to lower their TSH to the "normal" range that these people STILL have lower levels of free thyroid hormones in circulation when compared to healthy adults 3. We also know that many of these patients, despite having a "normal" TSH, still endorse symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, depression and so on.


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